Having A Tough Time With Cancer? Attempt Utilizing These Ideas

When dealing with something like cancer, there are many options available to you this day and age. From completely curing it to maintaining it, there are many tips and options available to make dealing with cancer a little more bearable. alternative treatments for oropharyngeal cancer doesn't have to impede your life as much as you think it will.



When battling cancer you need to eat a healthy diet. The healthier you eat the better your body will be able to fight the cancer because it will have the fuel it needs to fight the hard battle and stay strong throughout the process. Vegetables and fruits are always good choices.

In order to reduce the risk of getting cancer, follow this tip. Stain and grease proofing chemicals, such as the ones found in scotch guard and food packaging, contains many unhealthy carcinogens. These carcinogens are passed to food items when contact is made and enter the body through digestion. They also enter the skin when it touches scotch guarded fabric. Avoid these products at all costs.

Here is https://www.healthline.com/health-news/why-turning-to-unconventional-cancer-treatment-increases-risk-of-death that many people may not like: You should try to limit the amount of fatty meat and high fat dairy products you consume daily. These products can contain carcinogens that often accumulate in the food chain through animal fat, such as PCB and dioxins.

If you are taking care of someone with cancer, it is important to address your own feelings and fears. By working through your own needs, you will be a better support to the person you love, and you will be able to listen to them more effectively. If you need to, seek out another person who can be your sounding board when things get difficult.


Beans are incredibly good for your heart, but they're also essential in preventing cancer, especially colon cancer. The amount of fiber contained in beans and legumes will help to rid the body of free radicals via the fiber and also the saponins, phytic acid and protease inhibitors contained within the beans.

Many, many people have gone through cancer, even as survivors themselves or through someone they love. So you can find plenty of moral support via live groups, online chat rooms and forums, and other areas. You can even start a group and speak with people who are going through the same thing you are.




Dietitians, local patients team up to battle cancer with better nutrition; doctors aim to prevent it with diet


Dietitians, local patients team up to battle cancer with better nutrition; doctors aim to prevent it with diet "Some people take large amounts of antioxidants, herbs, or extra vitamins and minerals because they think it will help cure their cancer," the cancer center states. "This hasn't been shown to help in the fight against cancer. During some kinds of cancer treatments, this can actually harm you."


Make sure you take advantage of today's technology by going digital when you receive a mammogram. Digital scans are able to do an all-around better job of catching any tumors in time, whereas older machines are pretty much antiquated at this point and will not always catch them in time.

Your expectations may be unrealistic, and you may have to adjust them. It is important to let those who are supporting you know that you appreciate all they are doing for you.

It feels like you're going through the sickness too if someone you love has cancer, but you have to stay healthy in order to be supportive. Those late nights at the hospital and skipped meals can take their toll on your health. You're no good to anyone if you're frail, tired and weak. Keep your health up.



People who drink orange juice are less likely to contract stomach cancer due to the vitamin C contained within. Many studies have shown that 1000mg of vitamin C per day can all but eliminate stomach cancer, but even a small glass of OJ every day, containing around 40mg of vitamin C, can help you prevent it.

To cut the risk of getting cancer it is recommended that you stay as active as possible. At least 30 minutes of exercise a day is encouraged as it has been found that being overweight can be linked to getting cancer. So find an exercise you enjoy and give it some of your time each and every day.

Quit smoking or using tobacco. Smoking has been proven to cause cancer and it can also increase the odds of cancer recurring. If you have tried to quit, but have not been successful, work with your doctor to figure out other possible methods to help you quit. Each person is different, so try all options from patches to hypnosis until you find one that works for you.

If you have beaten cancer, it is still important that you regularly see your doctor for checkups. Even it may be gone now, certain cancers can come back or they can begin in other parts of the body. If you notice any new symptoms, be sure to see your doctor right away.

It is important to know that pathology reports can make a mistake. If you are told that you have cancer, you may request that your doctor do another biopsy or test. You do not want to begin cancer treatment only to find out that you do not even have cancer.

Chemotherapy may cause your mouth to develop ulcers. A good mouthwash and regular brushing will help you to keep this to a minimum. This small step will go a long way in preventing the very painful ulcers that will end up making it painful for you to eat, when it may already be difficult to do so.

If someone close to you has received a cancer diagnosis, don't underestimate the value of simply telling them on a frequent basis, "I love you." They say that actions speak louder than words, but saying the words is a powerful statement to the cancer patient in your life. https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B_-u9r2Wdc94TUNVMHBzeFJyd00?usp=sharing can help you make sure it all fits right.

To help prevent cancer, drink pomegranate juice daily. Pomegranate juice contains a valuable mix of isoflavones, polyphenols, and ellagic acid which some believe are anti cancer ingredients. It has been proven to have a positive effect on prostate cancer in some laboratory animals. Pomegranate just might boost your own body's defenses against cancer and keep you healthy.

Although nobody is ever happy to receive a cancer diagnosis, you'll be far less stressed and anxious if you already know something about how to manage the disease. You do not need to learn as much as a physician, but being aware of current trends in treatment and means to prevent cancers can make a difference in your life later on if you happen to get cancer.

Control Cancer Instead Of Letting It Control You

Few words strike more fear into people than the word cancer. The fear of what might happen can in itself be very damaging to an individuals's physical and mental health. So, it is crucial to arm yourself with information and advice that help you take positive action. This article contains some useful facts that can help you to do that.

If https://goo.gl/gZDbIM have been diagnosed with cancer the best advice anyone can offer you is to take it in stride. Whatever you do, don't freak out or panic. Rather, take a methodical approach, and try to get yourself cured. While the rates of cancer related deaths are still alarmingly high, they get better every year. There is hope.

So many people diagnosed with cancer just want to give up. SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER TREATMENT may feel hopeless and sure that they are certainly dying. This isn't true in a vast amount of cancer cases! Studies show that people who face their disease with a positive attitude and who visualize the tumors dying, have a much better rate of survival!

There are several cancers that are related to tobacco and alcohol use. Among alternative treatments for aggressive prostate cancer are cancers of the lungs, liver, mouth and throat. As you can see, there is a significant risk involved when people choose to smoke and drink alcohol to excess. You can decrease your risk of many types of cancer by not smoking, chewing tobacco and drinking alcohol.

The sun can be a major cancer causing factor for many people. The sun releases ultraviolet rays that enter the earth's atmosphere. When we step outside, our skin is exposed to these rays, and too much exposure can cause skin damage that can lead to skin cancer. Be sure to protect yourself with sun screen to prevent this.

When battling cancer it is important to surround yourself with people who will honestly listen to your opinions and feelings without judgment. There are days when you are going to be angry, frustrated or sad and you need to be able to express those feelings openly and honestly when need be.

When battling cancer it is important to surround yourself with people who will honestly listen to your opinions and feelings without judgment. There are days when you are going to be angry, frustrated or sad and you need to be able to express those feelings openly and honestly when need be.

You might not typically have a fighting spirit, but if you have cancer you are going to need to find one quickly. If you do not realize what you're fighting for and cannot develop that all-important spirit, use the anger you're feeling to transform into motivation. Even Gandhi was able to lash out.


You should always receive regular check-ups with your doctor, at a clinic, or with any medical professional. Cancer is something that has been known to spread rapidly, but any doctor should be able to catch a tumor as it begins to grow. This is when cancer is at its slowest and is thus the most possible to get rid of.





Avoiding the doom and gloom associated with cancer will help you to ultimately defeat it. Episodes of your favorite M.D. show can be hazardous to your health. Those images of sick and dying people can really put your mind in a bad place. Avoid them and, as trite as it sounds, find a happier place.

To help reduce the risk of cancer, use a filter on your kitchen faucet. There are a variety of cancer-causing chemicals in tap water, including arsenic and chromium. A filter drastically cuts down on these contaminants and may even encourage you to drink more water, which has a number of other benefits for your health.

Check your available surgical options compared to your chemotherapy options and vice versa when fighting cancer. Maybe surgery can help you to get rid of the cancerous tumor, and maybe chemotherapy is your better option. When a doctor suggests one, be sure that you ask about the other. Cover all your bases here.

If you wear makeup, use products that do not contain chemicals that have been linked to cancer. There are websites online that can help you look up your favorite products to see what they have in them. Avoid products that contain ingredients with "peg" or "eth" as part of their name.

While chemotherapy and radiation helps in your race for a cure, it also weakens your body. Therefore, it is essential that you have a support group to help you through this time in your life. Members should include someone who can help clean your home and help with the preparation of your meals, a handyman, and someone who you can open up and talk to.




Fighting Cancer Without Chemotherapy: 8 Alternatives to Chemo and Radiation


Fighting Cancer Without Chemotherapy: 8 Alternatives to Chemo and Radiation Chemotherapy and radiation might be the most common way to target and treat cancer, but it’s not the only option. With many patients and physicians taking a closer look at the negative effects of both treatments — some of which are believed to be worse than cancer itself — alternatives to chemo and radiation are becoming more and more mainstream, making fighting cancer without chemotherapy possible for some.


Try to avoid making drastic changes to the way that you live your life. If you make too many changes and stop doing the things that you enjoy doing, you are going to find it hard to enjoy the life that you do have. Make the most of it and continue doing the things you love.

To try and prevent cancer, make sure you are having check ups regularly. Learn how often you need to be checked for different cancers, such as breast, prostate, lung, colon, cervix and skin. Early detection of cancer greatly increases your chance for a cure and decreases your risk of dying from cancer.

Cancer treatment can be a very busy and overwhelming time. Figure out what activities in your life are most important and meaningful to you and make time for those activities, while cutting out other activities. This will give you time to appreciate what is important, while not over-burdening you during treatment.

You may feel that you are going to be fine to take yourself to your appointments for treatment but do not hesitate to ask a loved one for help getting there. You will find your loved ones will do just about anything to help you through this difficult time including driving you to your appointments.

Trust your doctor, but don't be afraid to get a second opinion. If your doctor recommends a course of treatment that you're not comfortable with, you can ask to see a different physician for an alternative. This doesn't mean that you think your doctor is wrong, it simply means that you'd like to explore all of your options. However, if you agree to a course of treatment, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions.

As you face your fears and start your cancer treatments, make use of the advice above to live the best life that you can. Even though there is not a special pill for everyone to take to deal with the disease of cancer, there are some little things you can do in order to make it a little less stressful. The tips and hints in this article, along with a day-by-day approach, can help you find the strength to win your battle against cancer.

Tips For Living A Life With Diabetes

Although diabetes is an incredibly widespread disease, it's easily treatable. You have probably met multiple people throughout your life with this disease and couldn't even tell that they had it. Learn more about controlling this disease and living a normal lifestyle in the article below. Use these tips to your advantage.

A Diabetic needs to take responsibility for their condition and their treatment. Therefore, it is up to you to ensure that you know absolutely everything there is to know about Diabetes. Keep up on the latest developments in medical journals so you can ask your physician for any care you think might assist you.

Find a free clinic in your area to have your Diabetes monitored if you can't afford to visit your doctor every three months. You can call your local Diabetes association, ask at a local hospital, or inquire through your Health Department, to find out where the closest clinic is to you.

It will be hard if your child is diagnosed with diabetes but bear with it. Because diabetes is so typical nowadays, there are treatments that are available that can provide your child with a typical life span. The oldest person with diabetes is 90. He lived long enough to see new medical treatments.

If you find that you are frequently unable to keep your blood glucose levels under control, consider asking your primary care physician about whether an insulin pump may be a good choice for you. You may find that a pump can help you reach your targets, but it requires diligence and willingness to monitor insulin frequently.

Increasing your intake of magnesium is not only good for your heart, it can help your diabetes too! You can find lots of magnesium in fish, leafy greens, and nuts, so include those items in your diet as often as possible. Almonds are an excellent choice to grab as a snack any time.

A Diabetic will need more than just a physician on his health care team. You should ask for a referral to an endocrinologist (they'll help you with your insulin), a registered dietitian or nutritionist, an optometrist or ophthalmologist, a dentist, and a podiatrist. Once you have them all on your team you'll be ready to fight Diabetes head on!

Even though salads are a healthy option for people with Diabetes, you should be careful about the salad dressing. Dressing can contain a large amount of sodium and fat, which may cause your blood sugar to fluctuate outside of the normal range. Oil and vinegar based dressings tend to be healthier. As a suggestion, ask for the dressing to be served on the side, so that you can control how much you eat.

Use resources like the internet to find diabetic recipes. Many diabetics get frustrated because they cannot find recipes for meals that are diabetic friendly. There are many substitutions to foods that taste just as good as the original including sugar-free chocolates, healthy kinds of pasta, sugar-free ice creams and cakes.

If you have diabetes, it can be difficult to go out to eat. Research menus ahead of time so that you can plan your meal. If a menu is not available online, you can stop by the restaurant ahead of time and ask for a copy, or you can call and have it read to you by phone. Knowing what the restaurant serves will help you to become more prepared for how you can eat healthy at the restaurant.


People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing heart disease than others so they should try to eat food that contain fatty acids, which are very good for the heart. A good way to get those essential acids in your system is to have fish at least twice a week.

comfort laser clinics for people suffering from diabetes is to carry around diabetes bars to use as meal replacements when they can't find the time to eat a proper meal. There are bars and shakes made specifically to address the needs of people with diabetes so it is an easy way to get your nutrients without any hassle or measuring.

By https://disqus.com/by/myvivaa of advice one of the best suggestions for a diabetic is to know themselves. You know better than anybody how your body will react to that small ice cream, or how low your blood sugars will get if you wait to long for your meal. Know yourself, and use that knowledge to more effectively manage your diabetes.

Lifting weights will greatly help reduce the risk of heart disease, which is a huge concern for anyone dealing with diabetes. The chances of you getting both of these will go down when your body is more lean. Strength-training will help you to lose visceral fat which is the most dangerous for your heart health.

Eating sugar is a big no-no when you have diabetes. So, you should try to use a sugar substitute for anything that you would normally use sugar for. You can also use honey because it is a natural form of sugar, and the body will break it down much easier.

To better control your diabetes, add more exercise into your daily routine. Exercise can help to control blood sugar levels, which is essential to any diabetes maintenance plan. It also promotes a healthy weight, which can make managing diabetes easier to do. Strive for at least twenty minutes of moderate exercise three or four times a week.

The food you eat is not the only thing that affects your blood glucose level. To help decrease your glucose level, you should make sure you spend a little bit of time each day doing some exercise. When https://healthtechmagazine.net/article/2018/06/4-tips-successfully-segment-your-healthcare-organizations-networks exercise, your body uses glucose and it could burn the glucose even if you exercised 24 hours ago.

Make sure to keep your diet high in fiber. walk in clinic issaquah wa for a diabetic will help reduce your risk by improving your blood sugar control as well as promoting weight loss by helping you to feel full. Good foods for fiber are whole grains, nuts, seeds, and certain fruits and vegetables.

The tips in the article above are just what you need to make things easier to manage when dealing with your diabetes, and now you are ready to get started on your way. Using these tips will result in a better life, and everyone will see a happier you.

Helpful Hints To Help You Handle Blading

Blading can be extremely traumatic and devastate a person's self image and confidence. In order to prevent further the loss of hair and grow back your hair, it is important to find out which treatment options work and which treatment options are ineffective. This article contains a number of great blading tips.

Try adding white sesame seeds to your diet to cause the loss of hair to occur more slowly. Every morning, try to eat a handful of white sesame seeds. These seed are loaded with magnesium and calcium. These two chemicals can help your scalp stay nourished, which prevents hair loss over time.

Massage your scalp to help with hair loss. This warms your scalp and increases blood flow to the hair follicles. Gently rub your scalp for 5 or 10 minutes. This is also a relaxing thing to do, and fighting stress can be helpful for regrowing hair.

You want to consider laser hair restoration if you find your hair falling out. It is a safe way to get your hair back and it also makes new hair fuller and thicker. This treatment works by your dermatologist or doctor using a low level, infrared laser light on your scalp that encourages hair to grow.

Maintain a balanced diet, including plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Keeping your whole body healthy will also keep your hair healthy, and healthier hair is likely to last longer. In addition, keeping your hair healthy will result in sleeker and shinier hair, improving your appearance.

If you start losing your hair, stop any chemical treatments on your hair. This includes coloring and perms. The chemicals used in these treatments will dry out your hair, which results in your hair falling out faster. While supplemental resources will give you a temporary effect of thicker hair, it is an illusion that will not last.

While stress can help lead to hair loss, meditation can help take care of stress and dissolve it. Meditation calms you mentally and physically, and it relaxes the mind and the muscles. It causes an opposite reaction to that of stress. Try meditating and having a devotion time daily in the morning when you wake up. See how this affects your daily life.

Making sure that you're eating foods rich in iron is a great way you can help strengthen your hair and prevent it from falling out. Think of eating Visit Webpage like green leafy veggies, liver, dates, raisins and other dried fruits, and even whole grain cereals. These food sources are a great source of iron.

To keep from losing your hair, make sure you get enough iron in your diet. Iron deficiency not only causes anemia, it can cause blading. Fortunately, this is one of the simpler ways to lower your risk of hair loss. Take an iron supplement or eat more foods like clams, soybeans, pumpkin seeds and spinach.

Wear a swimming cap if you frequently exercise or swim in chlorinated swimming pools. The chlorine found in most pools can cause major damage to your hair even making it fall out. If you opt to swim in a pool without a cap, be sure to wash your hair thoroughly after swimming.

To increase circulation, promote overall health and reduce hair loss, be sure to eat a healthful, balanced diet, drink lots of fresh pure water, get plenty of exercise and plenty of rest. Many times, people lose their hair due to stress and general lack of health. By taking care of your whole body, you will be giving yourself the best chance to keep a healthy head of hair.

One way to avoid hair thinning is to maintain positive mental health. Stress and anxiety can lead to early the loss of hair in men and women, so developing personal tools to ease these concerns will help you to keep your full head of hair as long as possible. Whether it be engaging in physical activities or seeking support from friends, keeping stress away is a huge step in avoiding blading.

Eat a healthy diet. Excessive weight can cause blading so you should be sure to keep a steady diet. simply click the following page plays a role in your hair thinning because a poor diet without proper nutrients can cause you to lose hair. A diet that is low in carbs is best.

To avoid vitamin-related hair thinning, don't take huge amounts of vitamin A. Vitamin A is good for you, but taken in extreme amounts, it can cause blading and can even be fatal to some people. Luckily, it's simple to avoid taking massive doses of vitamin A so this type of blading is easily corrected.


If you have the problem of thinning hair, you may want to check the ingredients on your shampoo. If it contains sodium laurl sulphate or variations close to that, then you will want to avoid this product. This can damage your hair with everyday use and could possibly even be poisoning your body.

If your blading is happening simultaneously with the development of an itchy, scaly scalp, consult with your physician about the possibility that you are suffering from seborrheic dermatitis. This could also be a sign of psoriasis. Your doctor will be able to tell you what you have and prescribe a medication or a special shampoo.

The loss of hair occurs to people of many different demographics, so even if you're young, you should not feel embarrassed by your condition. For many men, the loss of hair can begin to occur during their college years, while in extreme cases it can start in high school. A good way to overcome the look of the loss of hair is to wear a shorter hairstyle. A lot of people will find this very attractive.

If you use any type of sticky product, such as gel or wax in your hair, you should wash it out every night before going to bed if you want to prevent hair loss. These products, when left in your hair, can get into your pores. https://doctor.ndtv.com/living-healthy/6-tips-to-re-grow-hair-naturally-1784423 cause problems for the newly developing hair.

When considering a new hair loss treatment, be sure to do research on the possible and often likely, side effects. Some side effects, include, feeling ill, headaches and sexual dysfuntion. Some treatments have increased side effects. Evaluate all the pros and cons before begining with any new product.

As was stated in the beginning of the article, hair thinning is a problem that both genders have to deal with. Knowing what you can do to help fix hair loss is the only way you will get your hair back. Use these tips to get the hair you never knew you could have!

Idea For Beating Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes may be seen as a hindrance in your life, but with a few techniques you can manage it and live a healthy and happy life. Despite the physical limitations it presents, with the right medical intervention and prevention on your own behalf, you can make diabetes just a small part of your life that isn't so bothersome.

Apples are so good for you if you're diabetic! They give you something sweet to beat a sugar craving, and they're high in fiber, which will help you keep your weight down. They don't provide a large blood sugar spike after eating, so they can give you a ton of energy without causing you any health problems.

Make healthy choices when you go out to eat, but don't go overboard. You don't have to starve yourself on salads, but replacing the fatty fries that are served with steamed vegetables will make your meal less likely to spike your blood sugars. A Diabetic has to be careful, but doesn't have to be anorexic!

There are several ways to prevent developing diabetes. just click the following post is the most common and can be prevented by regular exercise, losing weight, eating more fiber, and consuming whole grains. Don't attempt to shortcut living a healthy lifestyle by using fad diets; talk to a physician or nutritionist and make an effective plan together.

Find out if there are any public gardening areas near you where people grow their own produce. is coolsculpting effective is an excellent way for a Diabetic to get some exercise by doing weeding, watering, or planting new seedlings. Often you get to keep some of what you grow as well, giving you some wonderfully fresh and organic treats to enjoy when you get home!

When you have diabetes, it is a great idea to eat five to six small meals, instead of three bigger meals a day. When you are eating frequently through the day, you avoid large blood sugar fluctuations. If you eat more frequently it also helps keep binging away and keeps you feeling satisfied.

To better maintain your blood sugars, drink only water. Most other beverages are high in sugar, and diet soda can lead to dehydration, which can also cause your blood sugar levels to spike. Carrying around bottled water and drinking it regularly will help you keep your blood sugar levels where they're supposed to be.

If you find that you are frequently unable to keep your blood glucose levels under control, consider asking your primary care physician about whether an insulin pump may be a good choice for you. You may find that a pump can help you reach your targets, but it requires diligence and willingness to monitor insulin frequently.

Before you test your blood glucose levels, you should make sure your hands and especially your fingertips, are clean. When you clean your fingers, do not use alcohol. Alcohol is drying and can cause your fingertips to crack. When cleaning your hands, use a mild antibacterial soap such as Dial.

mesenteric angioplasty before bed snack for a Diabetic is a glass of skim milk with two tablespoons of Whey protein added. This gives you something to keep your blood sugar levels stable over night, while the protein will help the milk digest and keep it from spiking your blood sugar too high while you sleep.

If you have diabetes, you should try to cut out alcohol or talk to your doctor if you can not. Alcohol can cause low blood sugar, which is called hypoglycemia. The effects can be very hard to predict with different people. Doctors will allow some people to have a drink or two with proper management, but it is best to avoid alcohol altogether.

To sate your sweet tooth without putting your health at risk, cut any unnecessary carbohydrates from your diet. Reducing your carbohydrate intake can be enough to make a small cookie or a slice of pie okay. Talk to your doctor about your diet and see how many carbohydrates you'd have to cut in order to enjoy your favorite sweets.


Stop smoking. Aside from the well-documented lung cancer risks, smoking is of extra concern for diabetics. Diabetes and smoking both put you at an increased risk for heart disease, nerve damage, and kidney problems. Smoking also causes a rise in blood sugar. Either risk alone is enough for concern, but a diabetic who smokes is at a much higher risk of developing problems.

As a diabetes sufferer, it is important to know about the latest medical advancements. New medical advancements mean that there could be new treatments for diabetes in the near future. Be sure to ask your doctor about any new treatments that may arise and see if you qualify for them.

Eating sugar is a big no-no when you have diabetes. So, you should try to use a sugar substitute for anything that you would normally use sugar for. You can also use honey because it is a natural form of sugar, and the body will break it down much easier.

When it comes to diabetes you want to make sure that you also are living a healthy lifestyle in other ways. This is important because you need your body to be in the best shape possible. Make every attempt to end bad habits such as smoking because it isn't just about your blood sugar.

Diabetes is no fun condition to live with. visit the website have to just about completely change your lifestyle. This includes your diet. Most people with diabetes cannot consume sugar, so they avoid it. However, sugar is not just in sweet things and products that have sugar listed in their ingredients. Sugar is in starchy food as well. It just is not in the form of it yet. When your body breaks down starchy foods, it turns it into glucose, which is sugar. So my tip for people with diabetes is to avoid starchy foods because once in your body, they turn into very sugary foods!

If you have Diabetes, journal your eating habits and blood sugar levels. Do this every day, for every meal. The information contained in your journal can help to explain blood sugar spikes, or dips, throughout the day. It can also provide your physician with real life information that can be used for your on going treatment.

You may be very proud or even incredibly stubborn, but you should always realize that you need a little bit of help when you have diabetes. Articles like the one you've just read can point you in the right direction when it comes to fighting the disease. Now it's up to you to put the tips to action.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15